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Joglo house architecture: Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku ~ Joglo is the skeleton of the main building of traditional Javanese house consists of four main pillars or soko guru with nine stacks (tumpang songo) or three stacks (tumpang telu) on it as the support of the main structure and as pedestal roof of clay tile.

In joglo house building architecture, the art of architecture is not just understanding the art of home construction, but a reflection of values and norms of society supporters. Love the community on the taste of the beauty and even the spirituality reflected in the architecture.

Tinuku Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

www.Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

www.Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Joglo apply knockdown construction system, generally made of teakwood and designation refers of the roof taking shape stylized mountain peaks. Parts of the design space is:
1. Pendopo (the hall)
2. Dalem (royal house)
3. Pringgitan (link between Pendopo and Dalem)
4. Sentong (space for son or daughter in law)
5. Gandok (dining room and kitchen)

Pendopo part is the very front of the house that has spacious rooms without barriers, normally used as a meeting place for a big event for the residents such as leather puppet show, dance, gamelan and others. There verandah pillar (soko guru), cornerstone winches (soko pengerek) and intercropping (tumpang sari).

Pringgitan section is part of a link between the hall (pendopo) and the royal house (dalem) which is usually restricted to seketsel and gebyok. Pringgitan normally function as part of the living room. The royal house section is part of family to relax and be more privacy.

Sentong in principle be used as bed-in-law, but before parents marry off their children so sentong door is always locked. Sentong opened or used after the child married. Sentong divided into three are sentong tengen (right) as bedroom for the boys who have been married, sentong kiwo (left) for the girls who had been married and sentong tengah (middle).

Gandok a building located next to the like pavilion. Usually attached to the rear of the building, the longitudinal direction transverse. Gandok serves as a dining room, kitchen and storage furniture.

At the entrance has three doors, the main door in the middle and the second door is on the left and right of the main door. The third door has a symbolic meaning that a large family is in the middle position, while the two doors on the right and left side for a relative.

In dalem space the so-called gedongan as spiritual place that is associated with symbolic meaning as a sacred place. Gedongan also serves as the main bed is respected and at certain times be used as the bridal bed for the children.

The air system is designed to adjust the surrounding environment of tropical weather. Joglo to have a terraced roof, getting into the middle of the distance between the floor with roof that is getting higher. Each height of the roof into a relationship stages in human movement by air circulation.

While at joglo most edge, still felt the air from the outside. But while moving increasingly into the middle, which was felt cool air, the volume of space under the roof is getting into the middle of getting bigger. When wish to get out, the air was back to change from the cool air to the outdoor air.

Joglo house design has a symbol of social strata is very strong in Javanese culture. People rich and aristocratic circles to build house using wood materials chosen were carved very complicated, whereas the lower social strata using plain wooden material.

Tinuku Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

www.Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

www.Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

www.Tinuku.com Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Tinuku Joglo house architecture Wood construction and structure design traditional Javanese houses

Joglo scattered throughout Java and Madura, but each region has its particularities in accordance with the culture and the local topography resulting in variety of designs. There are at least eleven variants are Limasan Lawakan, Sinom, Jompongan, Pangrawit, Mangkurat, Hageng, Semar Tinandhu, Jepara, Kudus, Pati and Rembang.

Joglo Jepara decorated tile roof called the wuwungan with buildings that dominated carvings of four-dimensional (4D) typical Jepara and 95% of the original teak wood. Other differences, such as the Joglo Kudus has only one main door.
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