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Fungsi Margin Halaman dalam Mendesain Layout Buku

Tinuku Info ~ Memahami layout buku atau book layout dan margin halaman adalah pondasi untuk memformat setiap buku yang tidak selalu memiliki pilihan yang terbaik bagi para penulis dan layouter.

Pandangan konvensional format buku cetak telah terbentuk sejak dahulu kala. Kebiasaan lama pembaca dan praktek-praktek perdagangan yang berlaku telah mendikte bahwa desainer harus mengikuti panduan format kecuali jika mereka memiliki alasan cukup baik untuk tidak mematuhinya.

Salah satu kesalahan paling banyak dilakukan penulis dan layouter setelah melihat ratusan buku yang diterbitkan sendiri dan diproduksi oleh penerbit amatir adalah halaman margin dan bagaimana kesalahan ini bisa terjadi. Ada begitu banyak detail kecil yang masuk ke dalam format buku harus diakomodasi.

FUNGSI MARGIN

Margin halaman memiliki banyak tugas, meskipun berisi ruang kosong di sekitar halaman dan desainer menyebutnya sebagai "ruang negatif". Berikut beberapa hal yang harus dilakukan margin buku:
  • Memberikan ruang bagi pembaca untuk memegang buku dengan nyaman.
  • Menampilkan seluruh konten dalam ruang dengan mudah sehingga tidak ada yang terpotong.
  • Memberikan perasaan terbuka dan lega yang mengundang minat untuk dibaca.
  • Menyediakan ruang untuk nomor halaman atau alat bantu navigasi lainnya.

KESALAHAN UMUM LEFT DAN RIGHT

Setelah memutuskan ukuran buku, tugas berikutnya adalah posisi blok teks pada halaman. Dalam kebanyakan kasus, layouter ingin menempatkan teks di tengah halaman. Pengolah kata atau program tata letak membuat dokumen yang dipotong bersama-sama.

Tapi ketika halaman Anda harus dipotong vertikal maka masalah lain datang. Buku dicetak tidak selalu bisa benar-benar terbuka dalam bentuk datar. Buku yang terjilid selalu meninggalkan ruang lebih pada bagian margin kiri dan kanan dalam setiap halaman seperti selokan (lihat gambar di bawah).

Kesalahan umum desainer adalah membuat margin terlalu kecil karena penerbit umumnya mendasarkan biaya pencetakan pada jumlah halaman dalam buku. Ini yang menyebabkan beberapa penulis mencoba cara mengisi lebih banyak kata-kata pada setiap halaman sehingga menghemat biaya cetak.

Tinuku Info Fungsi Margin Halaman dalam Mendesain Layout Buku

Menyusutkan margin adalah cara yang kasar. Sebaliknya, cobalah bereksperimen dengan font style yang berbeda dengan banyak variasi font size yang sama. Misalnya, Sans-serif mengambil lebih banyak ruang daripada font gaya lama khas Garamond.

TOP DAN BOTTOM

Margin atas dan bawah bervariasi tergantung apakah menggunakan kepala halaman dan footnote atau tidak dan di mana seharusnya diletakkan. Untuk desain buku folio yang berpusat di bagian bawah halaman pada 6x9, cobalah margin atas 0,5 dan margin bawah 0,75.

Dalam kebanyakan kasus perdagangan buku 6x9 berakhir dengan 30 sampai 35 baris per halaman. Dan margin harus memberikan batas sekitar 28 picas. Dikombinasi dengan jarak antar-baris sekitar 130% dari ukuran, maka buku mudah dibaca.

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