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Makam Berumur 3200 Tahun di Siprus Kaya Artefak Zaman Perunggu Akhir

Tinuku Info ~ Makam menakjubkan berumur 3.200 tahun menyimpan artefak di Siprus. Kota Zaman Perunggu Hala Sultan Tekke atau Dromolaxia Vizatzia di pulau Siprus kaya pusaka.

Tim University of Gothenburg di Swedia membuka Hala Sultan Tekke/Dromolaxia Vizatzia berkembang antara 1600 dan 1150 SM menempati area kota hingga 50 hektar dan memiliki hubungan perdagangan luas perkakas dari Mesir, Anatolia, Levant, Mesopotamia, Kreta dan Yunani.

"Pada bulan Mei-Juni kami menemukan seperempat kota dari sekitar 1.250 SM dan di luar kota kami menemukan kuburan sangat kaya sebagai salah satu terkaya di Siprus dari periode ini," kata Peter Fischer, arkeolog University of Gothenburg.

Tinuku Makam Berumur 3200 Tahun di Siprus Kaya Artefak Zaman Perunggu Akhir

"Fakta bahwa kami menemukan situs pemakaman dari Zaman Perunggu Akhir cukup sensasional karena mereka yang meninggal sekitar waktu ini biasanya terkubur dalam pemukiman," kata Fischer.

"Kuburan tampaknya menjadi makam keluarga dengan 8 anak-anak usia 5-10 tahun dan 9 orang dewasa di antaranya yang tertua berusia sekitar 40 tahun. Harapan hidup jauh lebih pendek saat itu," kata Fischer.

Lebih dari 100 keramik dan beberapa objek emas termasuk mahkota, manik-manik, anting-anting dan scarab Mesir. Temuan juga mencakup batu permata dan 5 segel silinder, beberapa diproduksi lokal dan beberapa dari Suriah dan Mesopotamia serta belati perunggu.

Lebih dari 140 keramik lengkap sebagian besar berhias ilustrasi spektakuler seperti orang duduk dalam kereta yang ditarik 2 kuda dan seorang wanita mengenakan gaun indah. Ada juga vas dihiasi simbol-simbol agama dan ilustrasi hewan. Banyak tembikar diimpor terutama dari Yunani, Kreta dan Anatolia.

"Tembikar membawa banyak informasi arkeologi. Ada impor Mycenaean misalnya kelas tinggi yang berarti tembikar dari Yunani bertanggal 1500-1300 SM," kata Fischer.

tinuku.com Makam Berumur 3200 Tahun di Siprus Kaya Artefak Zaman Perunggu Akhir

"Motif wanita mungkin seorang dewi adalah Minoan yang artinya dari Crete, tapi vas diproduksi di Yunani. Kembali ke waktu Crete menjadi koloni Yunani," kata Fischer.

Lukisan gaun wanita sangat maju dan menunjuk bagaimana beragam wanita berpakaian di sekitar waktu ini. Motif juga dapat ditemukan pada lukisan dinding di Istana Knossos di Heraklion, Kreta. Temuan lain dari Mesir yaitu 2 scarab batu emas dan satu fitur hieroglif di samping sebuah ilustrasi Firaun.

info.tinuku.com Makam Berumur 3200 Tahun di Siprus Kaya Artefak Zaman Perunggu Akhir

Kesempatan unik mengikat usia 3.500 dari prasasti Firaun paling kuat Mesir Thutmose III (1479-1425 SM) saat pemerintah Mesir memuncak dalam ukuran dan pengaruh dengan menaklukkan Suriah dan bagian Mesopotamia yang kini menjadi Irak.

"Kami juga menemukan bukti manufaktur skala besar kota dan tekstil. Produk-produk ini digunakan dalam perdagangan dengan budaya tinggi di Mesir, Anatolia, Levant, Mesopotamia, Kreta dan Yunani yang menjelaskan temuan impor kaya," kata Fischer.

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