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MIT team created bioLogic garment actively manage heat and sweat

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Tinuku ~ Researchers designed clothes for the sport responsive to moisture. The bioLogic team at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) created an automated live-coated vacuum window for opening and closing in response to an athlete's sweat that allows the human skin to have maximum heat management.

Tinuku MIT team created bioLogic garment actively manage heat and sweat

A team of MIT researchers has designed athletic costumes equipped with open and closed vents in response to the heat and sweat of athletes. The textile features are coated with living microbial cells that shrink and thrive in response to moisture changes. The researchers report to Science Advances.

Garment dubbed bioLogic prints E. coli cell lines into latex sheets to create 'biofabrik'. The team adjusts the size of each flap and the rate of occurrence based on previously published maps in which the body generates heat and perspiration.

"We can combine cells with genetic tools to introduce other functions into living cells, we use fluorescence as an example and this can make people know in the dark.Forward we combine the function of the release of odor through genetic engineering," said Wen Wang, an MIT researcher.

The supporting frame under the cloth keeps the cell layer from touching the skin directly, while at the same time the cells can feel and react to changes in air humidity above the skin. The cloth folds open just as the athlete reports warmth and sweating. MIT team created bioLogic garment actively manage heat and sweat

The researchers claim that humidity-sensitive cells do not require additional elements to feel and respond to moisture. Future fabric production uses new, fast-printing genetic tools. The team has also experimented with adding cells that produce lighted fabrics in the dark.

"People may think heat and sweat are the same, but in fact, some areas like the lower spine produce a lot of sweat but not much heat," said Lining Yao, MIT researcher.

"We redesigned the garment by using a combination of heat and sweat maps, such as making a bigger fold where the body generates more heat," Yao said.


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