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EDP Yogyakarta performs third stage Aedes aegypti containing Wolbachia

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Tinuku ~ Eliminate Dengue Project (EDP) Indonesia completes the third stage of wild environmental testing of the use of Wolbachia bacteria in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Researchers in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, use Wolbachia bacteria in mosquitoes to inhibit dengue virus and prevent transmission of dengue fever.

Tinuku EDP Yogyakarta performs third stage Aedes aegypti containing Wolbachia

Eradication of dengue hemorrhagic fever underwent a new era. A group of researchers in Yogyakarta used the Wolbachia bacteria to inhibit the dengue virus in A. aegypti mosquitoes that were released into the wild in the third stage that was first performed in 2014.

EDP Media and Communications Coordinator, Bekti Andari, says Wolbachia is a bacterium found in 60 percent of insects such as butterflies and bees. However, these bacteria are not present in A. aegypti mosquitoes which are the vectors for the spread of dengue virus.

Since 2011 researchers at the institute have tried to inject Wolbachia bacteria into mosquitoes and release them to the environment. Mosquitoes that already have this bacterium will breed and most of the mosquitoes have Wolbachia bacteria in the body. This mutant mosquito will not cause dengue fever.

"The current research has entered the third stage, laying the eggs Aedes aegypti mosquitoes contain Wolbachia in the city of Yogyakarta," said Andari, Thursday, June 15, 2017.

Andari said the team has spread 12,000 buckets containing Wolbachia mosquito eggs in 40 percent of the city of Yogyakarta and in 2019 will be the release of mosquitoes containing Wolbachia in all parts of Indonesia.

Dengue was first reported in Indonesia in two provinces in 1968. Today dengue fever has spread to all provinces and epidemics in many cities and towns.

The World Health Organization (WHO) records 100 million cases of fever based globally every year and 75 percent of cases occur in the Asia Pacific region including Southeast Asia.

Eliminate Dengue Project Indonesia is a research collaboration led by the Faculty of Medicine, University of Gadjah Mada and funded by Tahija Foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and others.

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