Dieselgate kills 5000 people annually in Europe

At least 5,000 deaths each year due to dieselgate in Europe. Researchers at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Austria and the Norwegian Meteorological Institute reported findings to Environmental Research Letters that excessive emissions of diesel cars caused about 5,000 annual premature deaths across Europe.

Tinuku Dieselgate kills 5000 people annually in Europe

Since the late 1990s the market share of diesel cars in the EU has risen by more than 50% and now more than 100 million diesel cars operate in Europe or two times more than in other parts of the world. NOx emissions have been up to 7 times higher than official certification tests.

The first report on diesel deaths is published in Nature where about 7,000 premature deaths, but less focus in Europe. The findings by IIASA are published in Environmental Research Letters entitled "Impact of excess NOx emissions from diesel cars on air quality, public health and eutrophication in Europe".

Researchers at IIASA and the Norwegian Meteorological Institute have calculated the premature death of this excess of NOx emissions for populations in all European countries. Approximately 425,000 premature deaths per year are related to air pollution levels in EU28, Norway and Switzerland.

More than 90% of these early deaths are caused by respiratory and cardiovascular diseases associated with exposure to microparticles. NOx is a key precursor for these fine particles. The study also estimates 10,000 premature deaths annually due to NOx emissions from diesel cars, vans and light commercial vehicles.

About half of about 5,000 premature deaths each year are caused by a much higher exposure to NOx emissions than the official boundary value in the real world. Any gasoline car has a much lower emission than diesel.

"If diesel car emissions as low as gasoline emissions, three quarters or about 7,500 early deaths could be avoided," said IIASA researcher Jens Borken-Kleefeld.

Countries with the highest number of premature deaths caused by micro particles from diesel cars, vans and light commercial vehicles are Italy, Germany and France. Both populations are large and the share of diesel cars is high. The lowest risk in Norway, Finland and Cyprus is fourteen times lower than the average EU28+.